Emergency Dental Extraction
Dental extraction, also known as tooth extraction, can be necessary for various different situations. At URBN Dental in Midtown and Uptown Houston, our expert dentists near Galleria only use dental extraction procedure as a last resort if it’s absolutely necessary for your oral health. Following the extraction, we also offer a number of post-procedural aftercare tips and we also offer procedures with which you can replace the extracted tooth.
What is Dental Extraction?
Dental extraction, also known as tooth extraction, is simply the procedure by which your tooth is removed from its socket in the bone. This procedure is usually done if your tooth is damaged or broken beyond repair. In most cases, this procedure will only be attempted after your dentist has already tried fixing your teeth with fillings, crowns, or root canal. However, in some cases, dental extraction is absolutely necessary to prevent the spread of diseases.
Necessity of Emergency Dental Extraction
In addition to stopping the spread of infections and disease, dental extraction can also be useful in the following situations:
- If you have an extra tooth that prevents other teeth from coming out properly.
- If your baby teeth refuse to fall out, making it difficult for permanent teeth to erupt naturally.
- Tooth extraction may be necessary if you’re getting braces and need more room in your mouth.
- Sometimes, people receiving some form of radiation require tooth extraction so there’s no tooth in the radiation path.
- Infected teeth that are past the point of saving need to be extracted immediately because they can also infect other teeth and gums.
- During organ transplants, certain drugs are taken that lower the immune system, increasing your chances of infections. In this case, tooth extraction may be necessary to remove the very source of a possible infection.
- Wisdom teeth usually come out in the 20s and they often have to be extracted because they damage surrounding teeth, are poorly angled, or if they have cysts and infections. Not removing wisdom teeth in time can lead to gum infections.
- Some people have a crowded mouth because of which all of the teeth are crooked and misaligned. During cosmetic treatments to straighten and align the teeth, it may be necessary to extract some superfluous teeth.
How Soon Should I Seek Help in Case of a Dental Emergency?
Unless you are a dental professional yourself, you cannot tell whether a certain delay can result in unacceptable damage or not. Therefore, act without delay. Even a small delay can result in serious, irreversible loss. Broken teeth cannot be grown again. Rush to your dentist for a physical examination, or if that is not possible in a short time, contact one on the telephone to seek advice. After listening to your description, your dentist may advise you to act immediately or give you an appointment.
Preparation for Dental Extraction
Preparation for dental extraction usually starts with a simple x-ray so that your dentist can plan one of the best ways to remove your teeth without side effects. During this procedure, it’s important to disclose your entire medical history and familial history of diseases, including a list of all the medications you are currently taking. You don’t know which details may be of interest to your doctor so it’s best to disclose everything.
During a wisdom tooth extraction, the x-ray will reveal the following details:
- How your wisdom teeth interact with surrounding teeth.
- Your upper teeth’s relation to your sinuses.
- Your lower teeth’s relation to the inferior alveolar nerve located in the jawbone.
- Presence of tumors, infections, or any bone disease.
In some cases, the doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to be taken either before or after the treatment. This is done in the following situations:
- If you have some infection.
- If you have a weak immune system.
- If the surgery is going to last long.
- If you’re suffering from some medical conditions.
There are a few other tips you should follow before your emergency dental extraction procedure:
- Don’t eat or drink anything for at least six or eight hours before the dental extraction.
- If you’re suffering from a cold, cough, runny nose, or nausea, contact the doctor and let them know immediately. This may affect the treatment planned for you.
- Don’t smoke for at least a day before the surgery because it can lead to dry sockets.
Emergency Dental Extraction Procedure
Simple Dental Extraction
Simple dental extraction is used for teeth that can be seen clearly in the mouth. During this procedure, the dentist will loosen the visible teeth using a device called an elevator. Following that, the dentist will use forceps to extract the teeth.
Surgical Dental Extraction
Surgical dental extraction is a fairly complex procedure using if the tooth hasn’t yet come out or if it has broken off at the gum line, i.e., if the crown isn’t clearly visible. During this procedure, the oral surgeon or dentist will make a small incision in your gums. Following that, the tooth will be extracted from within the gums. In some cases, it may also be necessary to remove some of the bone around the tooth. After the extraction, the dentist will stitch the incision made.
Dental Extraction Aftercare
Following the dental extraction procedure, your dentist will give you a thorough set of aftercare instructions. It’s incredibly important to follow these instructions to minimize the risk of side effects or complications.
- After the extraction, bite down on a piece of gauze or cloth for about 30 minutes to staunch the bleeding and encourage clotting.
- Don’t talk too much, eat, or drink for at least two hours after the procedure.
- Once the bleeding subsides, drink lots of lukewarm or cold water.
- For the first few days after the dental extraction, consume only soft foods or liquid diet.
- Don’t brush or rinse your teeth for approximately twelve hours after the procedure. Once you start brushing, avoid the surgical area. While rinsing, use a diluted mouthwash or salted water.
- Don’t spit or smoke while there’s still some bleeding.
- Take all prescribed medications.
- Be sure to contact your dentist if there’s an anomaly that you haven’t already been warned about such as persistent toothaches or bleeding.