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At URBN Dental, we understand the importance of maintaining optimal oral health. Cavities and tooth decay are common oral health issues that can affect anyone, but with the right diagnosis and treatment from dental hygienists, you can achieve a healthy smile. In this guide, we will discuss dental hygiene, the role of dental hygienists, the diagnosis and treatment of cavities, and how you can maintain good oral health.

The Role of Dental Hygienists

Dental hygienists play a crucial role in maintaining your oral health. They are licensed professionals trained to provide preventive dental care and assist in various dental procedures. Here at URBN Dental, our team of highly skilled dental hygienists works alongside our dentists to ensure that you receive comprehensive care.

Education and Training

Dental hygienists undergo rigorous education and training to become qualified professionals. To become a dental hygienist, one must complete an accredited dental hygiene program, which typically leads to an associate degree. Some dental hygienists choose to pursue a bachelor’s or master’s degree in dental hygiene for further specialization.

Preventive Treatments

One of the primary responsibilities of dental hygienists is to perform teeth cleanings and preventive treatments. Regular teeth cleanings help remove plaque and tartar buildup, reducing the risk of cavities and gum disease. They also provide valuable education on proper oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing techniques.

Diagnosis of Cavities and Tooth Decay

Early diagnosis is key to preventing the progression of cavities and tooth decay. Dental hygienists are skilled in identifying the signs and symptoms of these oral health issues during routine check-ups and dental exams.

Dental Exam

During a dental exam, the dental hygienist will carefully examine your teeth and gums. They will look for visible signs of decay, such as cavities, dark spots, or discoloration. X-rays may also be taken to detect cavities between teeth or beneath the gumline.

Health History

Your health history is an essential part of the diagnostic process. Dental hygienists will ask about any underlying medical conditions, medications you are taking, and your oral hygiene habits. This information helps them assess your overall health and identify potential risk factors for cavities.


X-rays provide valuable insights into the condition of your teeth and can reveal cavities that may not be visible during a visual exam. At URBN Dental, we use state-of-the-art digital radiography, which emits minimal radiation and provides instant results for a more accurate diagnosis.

Communication Skills

Effective communication between the dental hygienist and the patient is crucial for accurate diagnosis. Dental hygienists will discuss their findings with you, explain the treatment options, and address any concerns or questions you may have.

Treatment of Cavities and Tooth Decay

If cavities or tooth decay are detected during the diagnosis, prompt treatment is essential to prevent further damage to your teeth. Dental hygienists work closely with dentists to develop treatment plans tailored to your specific needs.


For small to moderate cavities, dental hygienists can perform fillings to restore the affected tooth. Fillings are typically made of materials like composite resin or amalgam and help strengthen the tooth while preventing further decay.

Root Canals

In more severe cases where the decay has reached the inner pulp of the tooth, a root canal procedure may be necessary. Dental hygienists assist dentists in performing root canals, removing the infected pulp, and sealing the tooth to prevent reinfection.

Porcelain Veneers

For cosmetic concerns related to cavities or tooth decay, porcelain veneers can be an effective solution. Dental hygienists work alongside dental specialists to create custom veneers that improve the appearance of damaged teeth.

Dental Prosthetists

In cases of extensive tooth loss due to cavities or decay, dental prosthetists may be involved in the treatment process. They specialize in creating dental prosthetics like dentures and bridges to restore your smile’s functionality and aesthetics.

Maintaining Good Oral Health

Preventive dental care is the cornerstone of maintaining good oral health and preventing cavities and tooth decay. Dental hygienists provide valuable guidance on how to care for your teeth and gums effectively.

Regular Brushing and Flossing

Dental hygienists emphasize the importance of regular brushing and flossing to remove plaque and food particles that can contribute to cavities. They can recommend specific oral hygiene products tailored to your needs.

Dietary Habits

Your diet can have a significant impact on your oral health. Dental hygienists can provide guidance on dietary choices that promote strong teeth and gums while minimizing the risk of cavities.

Orthodontic Treatment

Crooked teeth can create spaces where food particles can become trapped, increasing the risk of cavities. Dental hygienists may recommend orthodontic treatment to correct alignment issues and improve oral hygiene.

Regular Check-Ups

Scheduling regular dental check-ups is essential for early detection and prevention of cavities and tooth decay. Dental hygienists, in collaboration with dentists, can create customized treatment plans to address your specific oral health needs.

Visit URBN Dental for Optimal Dental Hygiene

At URBN Dental, we prioritize your oral health, and our team of dental hygienists plays a crucial role in ensuring that you receive the highest quality care. From diagnosing cavities and tooth decay to providing preventive treatments and personalized treatment plans, our dental hygienists are dedicated to helping you achieve and maintain optimal oral health. Remember that good oral health starts with regular check-ups and preventive dental care, so schedule an appointment with us at one of our convenient locations in Uptown Houston, Midtown Houston, Montrose, City Center, Katy, East River, or Houston Heights. We look forward to helping you achieve a healthy and beautiful smile.